AI in Scientific Writing: Ethical Concerns in research communication

Radiologist Domenico Mastrodicasa, based at the University of Washington School of Medicine, uses ChatGPT, an AI tool powered by the GPT-4 language model, as a sounding board for writing research papers, finding it accelerates manuscript preparation. While many scientists remain in the minority in using large language models (LLMs), generative AI tools like ChatGPT are anticipated to become regular aids for writing manuscripts, grant applications, and peer-review reports. However, concerns include the potential for inaccuracies, poor-quality papers, and AI-assisted fakes. Publishers are exploring ways to address these issues, such as bans or transparency policies. Generative AI may benefit non-native English speakers and enhance equity in science. Ethical concerns involve AI’s automated plagiarism and information sourcing methods. Some news organizations have blocked AI tools. LLMs might change research dissemination, allowing interactive and tailored access to research findings.


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