Writing Evidence-Based Practice Case Report


Writing a Case Report for Journals is one of the best ways to get started in Medical Writing. Medical Case Study Report describes an unexpected Symptom or Disease. They can explain a medical or therapeutic problem or provide critical information about an adverse reaction to a specific procedure. Case reports can be used for instructional purposes to provide a wealth of clinical knowledge on a valuable lesson learned in practice. Preparing a Case Study is easier than Research Design.

What is Evidence-based Practice?

Evidence-based Practice is combining the Best Research Evidence with Clinical Expertise and Patient Preference.

Evidence-based Practice is based on the following things:

  • External Evidence – Systematic Reviews, Randomized Control Trials, Best Practice, Clinical Practice Guidelines that support a Change in Clinical Practice
  • Internal Evidence – Healthcare Provider Expertise, Quality improvement Projects Outcomes, Initiatives
  • Patient Preferences
  • Patient Values


Types of Case Reports 

  • Diagnostic – Answers Challenging Diagnosis
  • Treatment – Discusses management of the Case
  • Educational – Use a Case to teach a specific subject

What are the Components of a Case Report?

  • Title – Title should be Descriptive
  • Abstract – The abstract should be 100 – 250 Words.
  • Introduction – Summarise the Content
  • Case Report – There should be a concise description of the patient’s medical history, examination, test results, and care. It should contain the following things: history, examination, examination findings, investigations, results of investigations, treatment intervention used, the outcome of treatment
  • Discussion – There should be a concise description of the patient’s medical history, examination, test results, and care.
  • It should answer the following questions
  • Why did you choose this patient for your case study?
  • What is known about related cases in the literature?
  • How uncommon is this ailment?
  • What is the scientific basis for this ailment?
  • What is the source of this ailment?
  • Why did you decide to intervene?
  • What impact did your activities have on the patient’s outcome?
  • What are the most popular treatment options for this condition?
  • What are your recommendations?
  • Conclusion – Summarise the Findings
  • Reference – Should be written as per the Journal’s Requirement
  • Acknowledgments

Steps in EBP

  • Ask – Working out what you want by formulating a Clinical Question in PICO Format. PICO Format is used to extract the Information from a Clinical Situation to focus on a Particular Question.
  • P – Patient, Population, Problem
  • I – Intervention Planned
  • C – Comparative Intervention
    • O – Outcome
  • Search – Identify the Key Components by converting Clinical Questions into a Search Strategy. Search for the Highest level of Evidence for the Clinical Question.
  • Appraise – Appraise the Evidence for its Validity and Usefulness
  • Apply – Apply Evidence into Practice
  • Evaluate – Evaluate the effectiveness of the Process



Case Reports are crucial in the world of science. When evaluating the importance of case reports, there are a few things to keep in mind. Conclusions drawn from Case Reports can usually be re-established. Case reports also serve as a solid basis for future medical education by allowing for comparison and documentation of novel medical aspects.

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