A recent study has found that when the affiliations of manuscript authors are concealed from peer reviewers, unconscious bias is reduced during the review process. The research, which focused on ecology manuscripts, revealed that papers from authors in lower-income nations or with lower English proficiency fared worse than those from higher-income, English-speaking nations. Anonymizing authors significantly mitigated this bias. The study also indicated that authors from wealthy nations received preferential treatment when their identities were known. Implementing double-blind peer review, where both authors and reviewers remain anonymous, could help address these biases and level the playing field in scientific publishing.
Researchers have created an optical tractor beam capable of pulling a macroscopic object. A special graphene-silica composite was designed for the laser-pulling. When irradiated by the laser beam, the composite creates a reversed temperature difference which pushes it towards the laser source. This movement was visible to the naked eye. The study shows that manipulation […]
A breakthrough terahertz biosensor offers non-invasive, early skin cancer detection, revolutionizing diagnosis. Developed through collaboration between Queen Mary University of London and the University of Glasgow, this portable device analyzes subtle cell changes with unparalleled accuracy. Lead researcher Dr. Shohreh Nourinovin highlights its potential for broader disease detection, including Alzheimer’s, in resource-limited settings. Despite pandemic […]
A study led by Duke University reveals a correlation between nanoplastics, derived from polystyrene, and alterations in brain proteins linked to Parkinson’s disease. The research, conducted in solutions, cultured cells, and genetically modified mice, indicates an abnormal accumulation of alpha-synuclein proteins in the presence of nanoplastics. Notably, strong chemical bonds form between polystyrene nanoparticles and […]